Nadine joined CEA in 2018 as Head of Aquatic Ecotoxicology. Before coming to CEA, she worked as a senior research fellow in academic laboratories based both in the UK and Canada. She has a scientific background in aquatic ecotoxicology and molecular genomics, with extensive experience in performing aquatic ecotoxicology studies using novel experimental approaches. Nadine holds a BSc in Marine Biology, an MRes in Aquatic Ecotoxicology and a PhD in Environmental Metabolomics. Her research was focused on designing and implementing novel laboratory studies to discover molecular markers of sub-lethal toxicity in aquatic organisms. More recently, Nadine used these approaches in a weight of evidence based manner for use in environmental risk assessment and adverse outcome pathways, linking molecular changes to standard biological endpoints.